Some of the notes below cover potentiostats in general and others are for Gamry Instruments systems specifically. Click on a link below to download the PDF version of the Application or Technical Note.
Comprehensive cell impedance measurements using the Interface 5000E potentiostat’s dual electrometer
In this technical note, we look at the less well-known dual-electrometer feature in our Interface 5000E potentiostat. The dual electrometer allows the user to make a second voltage measurement in addition to the one made by the potentiostat.
This technical note is intended to help you better understanding the specifications of potentiostats. Various parameters that are typically listed in specification sheets of potentiostats are explained. In addition, it is shown which parameters are more relevant for specific applications and where you should pay attention.
This application note provides several tips and techniques for improving potentiostat stability. Potentiostats can become unstable and improving the stability may require trying several different techniques.
Potentiostats are often required to work near the limits of their measurement ability. The Gamry Instruments Reference 600 can resolve current changes. Measurements of small currents place demands on the instrument, the cell, the cables, and the experimenter. Many of the techniques used in electrochemistry of larger currents must be modified when used to measure pA and fA currents. In many cases, the basic physics of the measurement must be considered.
A potentiostat is an electronic instrument that controls the voltage difference between a Working Electrode and a Reference Electrode. Both electrodes are contained in an electrochemical cell. The potentiostat implements this control by injecting current into the cell through an Auxiliary or Counter electrode.