Rationally designed carbon coated ZnSnS3 nano cubes as high-performance anode for advanced sodium-ion batteries

By Jia, Hao; Dirican, Mahmut; Chen, Chen; Zhu, Pei; Yan, Chaoyi; Li, Ya; Zhu, Jiadeng; Li, Zhaoling; Guo, Jiansheng; Zhang, Xiangwu
Published in Electrochimica Acta 2018

Abstract

Metal sulfides have gradually gained attention as preferable anode materials in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their high theoretical capacities. In this work, we report for the first time the synthesis of carbon coated ZnSnS3 nanocubes (ZnSnS3@C NCs) as high-performance anode material for SIBs. The outer carbon coating surrounding the ZnSnS3 active material not only enhances the electronic conductivity of the anode but also increases the electrode reaction active sites. Thus, it can greatly improve the reversible capacity as well as homogenize the repeated volume changes of the active material and decrease the mechanical stress caused during the prolonged charge/discharge process, which could finally enable an enhanced electrode stability. Electrochemical test results demonstrated that the introduced ZnSnS3@C NC anode is capable of delivering a high reversible capacity of 661.4 mAh g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1 after 250 cycles (with capacity retention of 97.1%) and demonstrating a stable Coulombic efficiency of over 99%. To the best of our knowledge, both the reversible capacity and cycling stability performance introduced in this work are so far the best among metallic sulfur-based anodes and are even superior to some recently reported SnS2-based anodes.

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