Utilization of enzyme extract self-encapsulated within polypyrrole in sensitive detection of catechol

By Apetrei, Roxana-Mihaela; C
Published in Enzyme and Microbial Technology 2019


Utilization of polyphenol oxidases (laccase, tyrosinase) in biosensor technology is an efficient approach towards phenol detection, which is significant in numerous fields such as environmental monitoring, food industry etc. The use of crude extract instead of pure enzyme eliminates the need for costly and laborious processes of enzyme separation and purification. This study employs polyphenol oxidase extract, biosynthesized by white-rot fungi Trametes pubescens (TP) for the development of amperometric biosensors for catechol detection. The catalytic activity of the crude extract was firstly used to induce the bio-synthesis of conducting polymer - polypyrrole (Ppy), resulting in the self-encapsulation of the enzyme extract within the conducting material. The viability and biological integrity of the enzyme extract was preserved after the synthesis and was able to efficiently detect phenolic compounds such as catechol. Comparative evaluations between the biosynthesized Ppy based biosensor (bio-Ppy) and the biosensor based on bio-PPy with additional enzyme extract (bio-Ppy-TP) were performed. Lastly, the performance of these two biosensors was compared with that of a third one, based on chemically synthesized Ppy with enzyme extract (chem-Ppy-TP). All three types of biosensors proved high efficiency for catechol detection at low concentration (1

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