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Investigation of the high-rate Na ion storage property in bulk Cu2−xSe plates

By Xiao, Yuanhua; Zhang, Kaiyang; Zhao, Xiaobing; Su, Dangcheng; Zhou, Liming; Wu, Shide; Wang, Xuezhao; Guo, Huazhang; Fang, Shaoming
Published in Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2021


The traditional views hold the conversion and intercalation compounds without nanostructure used in ion batteries could not afford high-rate performance. This study demonstrated a bulk material of hexagonal plate-like Cu2−xSe with exposed (111) plane exhibits an ultrahigh rate performance without any assistance of high conducting graphene or carbon nanotube, The bulk Cu2−xSe plates, used as the anode of sodium ion battery, deliver a high capacity of 377.6 mA h g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 and maintain a capacity retention rate of 83.5% at 10 A g−1, as well as a long cycle life of 93.2% after 1000 cycles at 5 A g−1. Density functional theory analysis confirms that the (111) faceted Cu2−xSe plates with reduced migration energy for Na ion across the Cu2−xSe can enhance its electrochemical reaction kinetics. Moreover, the detailed Na ion insertion/extraction mechanism was demonstrated by combining the in situ and ex situ measurement technologies.

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