Spectro Linear Sweep Voltammetry Experimental Sequence

Run the Spectro Linear Sweep Voltammetry standard technique by selecting the Named Script command under the Experiment menu in Gamry’s Framework™. Opening the Spectro Linear Sweep Voltammetry.exp file initiates the following sequence of events:

  1. The Framework creates a runner window, and the Spectro Linear Sweep Voltammetry.exp script is run in this window.
  2. The script creates the Setup dialog box, which becomes the active window and accepts changes in the experimental parameters. This setup box remembers the experimental settings from the last time this script was run. To restore the parameters to the values defined in the script, click the Default button. If the Advanced Pstat Setup is toggled to the On position, a second Setup dialog box containing hardware configuration details becomes the active window, allowing you to modify the hardware configuration of the potentiostat used during the experiment.
  3. The script obtains the use of the spectrometer and the potentiostat specified during the setup. The script opens a data file using the Output File name and a second data file using the prefix SpectraFor_ followed by the Output File name. This first file contains data for the linear sweep voltammetry measurement, and links to the second file which includes the spectra data. If the potentiostat or the spectrometer is in use or the file cannot be opened, the script returns to the setup dialog box.
  4. The file header information is written to the data file. This information is written to the file prior to data acquisition. If the experiment is aborted, the output file contains only this information. This header information includes: a. Tags identifying possible analyses; b. A list of setup parameters; c. A list of setup parameters and hardware configuration.The header information for the spectroscopy file includes:
  5. Tags identifying possible analyses

    A list of setup parameters

  6. The measurement starts if Raw Counts is selected as Spectroscopy Type (skip to number 6). The Need to acquire Dark and Blank Spectra window appears if Absorbance or Transmittance is selected as Spectroscopy Type. You can decide if a dark and a blank spectrum should be recorded prior to the actual measurement:
  7. a. If you click the OK button, the Acquire Dark Spectrum window appears.

    By clicking OK again, a dark spectrum is recorded. The data of the dark spectrum are not saved. The Acquire Blank Spectrum window appears.

    By clicking OK, a blank spectrum is recorded. The data of the blank spectrum are not saved. A Runtime Warning appears.

    By clicking OK the actual measurement starts. The previously measured dark and blank spectra are automatically subtracted.

    b. If you click the Cancel button, no dark or blank spectra are recorded. For the actual measurement, Raw Counts are measured and plotted versus wavelength.

  8. If Initial Delay is on, the cell is turned off and the specimen's Eoc is measured for the time specified as the Initial Delay time or until the potential stabilizes to a value less than the stability setting. The last measured potential is recorded as Eoc.

  9. A plot of potential versus time is always displayed. A second window for the spectra shows no plot.

    If Initial Delay is off, this step is skipped and Eoc is assumed to be 0.0 V vs. Ref.

  10. The script conditions the electrode if Conditioning was specified in the setup. Conditioning is done by applying a fixed potential for a defined time while the cell is turned on. A plot of current versus time is displayed during Conditioning. The window for the spectra shows no plot. No data are saved during this step.

  11. Finally the data are acquired. The spectrometer starts to measure spectra. A plot of charge versus potential is displayed during the scan. For the spectra, either Raw Counts, Absorbance, or Transmittance are recorded and plotted versus wavelength.

  12. The potential of the sample is set to Initial E and is held at that value for the Equilibration Time. The potential is then swept from the Initial E to Final E.

    Current readings at fixed voltage-intervals are taken during the sweep. The voltage interval between steps is defined as Step Size in the Setup dialog box. The sweep is actually a staircase ramp. The sample is potentiostatically held at Initial E, a delay of one sample period occurs (sample period = 1/Scan Rate × Step Size), and reading of current is taken. The potential is then stepped by a few mV as defined by Step Size, a delay of one sample period occurs, and the next current reading is taken. Stepping the potential, delaying, and acquiring data points continues until the potential equals Final E.

    If you selected Autoranging in the setup, the current range is automatically switched to the optimal range for the measured cell-current at each point. If Positive Feedback IR-compensation has been selected, all data are continuously corrected for IR-drop. If Current Interrupt IR-compensation has been selected, each potential is corrected for the measured IR-drop of the preceding point.

  13. The acquired data are written to the output file and the script cleans up and halts. The script then waits for you to click the F2-Skip button. After you do so, the script closes everything that is open, including the runner window.